With the Rugby Six Nations due to start next week and the Rugby World Cup being held in England in September/October, repeated concussions in sport is a major concern.
Previously sporting bodies have not really looked into the future problems that can be caused by sports people sustaining repeated head injuries.
However, it has been reported that rugby players are more likely to suffer from concussion than boxers and most players do not want to leave the field of play but under a new initiative from the IRB, an enhanced Head Injury Assessment protocol has been put in place and players have to leave the field for a period of at least 10 minutes to be assessed before being allowed to continue.
Repeated concussions in the short term may not be a problem but can cause major health issues in later life. Sporting bodies and clubs need to work together to ensure they provide the best medical care for their players.
In 2010, the NFL acknowledged that many of its ex-players were suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) following repeated brain trauma Several ex-players who suffered from CTE have committed suicide, including Junior Seau and Ray Easterling Concussion is an issue of concern in rugby, with many retired players and medical experts warning that repeated impacts during a player's career may cause profound health issues later in life. Former England players Shontayne Hape and Michael Lipman are among those who have been forced to retire because of the effects of concussion, with Hape complaining of "depression, constant migraines and memory loss". The International Rugby Board introduced an enhanced Head Injury Assessment (HIA) protocol in June in an effort to improve player safety, and it has been in use in the Premiership this season.