The CDC recently found that only 4 in 10 Americans diagnosed with HIV are seeking treatment. Those diagnosed with the virus must remain vigilant in order to control their symptoms.
Successful treatment models have often involved a comprehensive approach (as in the Southwest Center for HIV/AIDS in Arizona), in which patients are provided treatment as well as a host of other services related to more personal needs in order to incentivize involvement with medical professionals (i.e., wellness programs and childcare).
More recently, researchers from Walter Reed (the U.S. Military) along with collaborators in Thailand have allocated additional resources towards identifying a cure. This effort is in addition to collaborations led by The Walter Reed Institute in Thailand since the 1990's.
While the significance of such efforts is obvious, it is also the case that approaches similar to that of the Southwest Center are impractical in resource-constrained environments. Even though researchers have come to find "...that permanent eradication of HIV from the body is more challenging than they'd thought event two years ago...," this work is absolutely necessary considering the challenges of treating those diagnosed with HIV.
Conventional medical treatment says patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus must take a daily cocktail of pills for the rest of their lives. Antiretroviral therapy, or ART, keeps the virus from replicating inside the body. But the Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre, U.S. military and a number of academic partners are set to launch a set of potentially significant trials in the coming months that gauge the feasibility of a new approach. Thailand, a country hit hard by AIDS, has long been a center of research for an HIV vaccine. Research started here by Thai and U.S. military researchers to help this effort gradually expanded to look for a cure.